有关价值观教育的一些见解

E-Mail to Komal Srivastava 16.10.2004

2004年10月16日写给科玛尔· 斯利瓦斯塔瓦的邮件

Some Thoughts on Value Education

有关价值观教育的一些见解

作者:M.P. PARAMESWARAN 翻译:诸众之貌团队
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This is only a loud thinking on ‘Values’ and how to help children to imbibe them.
•They have to ‘imbibe’ them and not to be imparted to.
•‘Value’ is a meaningful term only amongst collectives and not for individuals.
•Propensity for collectivism and cooperation is an evolution and character of human species and not a cultural attribute.
•Many say that humans are ‘essentially selfish” and competitive. This is not scientifically true. They are essentially cooperative and love to share.
•The basic unit of the society or collective is ‘family’. Values are imbibed from family, school and society at large.
•These ‘values; imbibed from various sources need not necessarily be the same, they could be even at loggerheads with each other.
•The purpose of ‘education’, is to help the child to harmonize the conflicting values it picks up at home and from society at large.
•Values can be defined within different frameworks- the individual, the family, the society, the species, short-term, long-term. All are relevant.
Values can be circumscribed by the following parameters.
•They should strengthen the evolutionary necessity of collectivity, should strengthen cooperation and not competition. •They should facilitate increase of species longevity i.e. they should ensure sustainability. •They should help liberate humans from animal limitations and alienation of all kinds. •They should help humans enjoy meta-needs like loving, sharing, caring, equity, creativity, truthfulness, etc. •Cooperative society means sharing responsibilities which implies democratic participation.
Summarising the above we may express desirable values in the following words: Cooperation, sustainability, equity, caring and sharing.
有关价值观教育的一些见解
有关“价值观”和帮助孩子们接纳这些“价值观”,以下是鄙人的拙见。
•我们要让孩子们接纳“价值观”,而不是向孩子们植入“价值观”。
•“价值观”是一个意义颇深的术语,其仅存于集体中,而不是针对个人。
•集体主义和合作的抉择是人类的进化和品质,而不是一种文化属性。
•很多人认为人类具有“自私的本质”和竞争意识,这点并不科学。
•人类的本质是合作,并且喜于分享。
•社会或者集体的基本单位是“家庭”,在家庭、学校和整个社会中养成价值观。
•通过不同渠道养成的“价值观”并不需要统一一致,这些“价值观”甚至可能相互对立。教育的目的就是帮助孩子协调从家庭和社会习得的对立的价值观。
•价值观可以在不同的框架里进行定义,如个人、家庭、社会、物种、短期和长期。
所有这些都是相关的。
价值观可由以下参数加以限定:
•价值观应该加强集体主义的进化必要性,加强合作意识而非竞争意识。
•价值观应该有利于增长物种寿命,例如应该保障持续性。
•价值观应该帮助人类摆脱动物的限制和各种疏远。
•价值观应该帮助人类享有元需求,例如爱护,分享,关爱,平等,创造,真诚等。合作性社会意味着分享责任,隐含民主参与。
综上所述,我们可以通过以下词语来阐述理想型价值观:合作、可持续性、平等、关爱和分享。